Saturday, October 24, 2015
The Sumatran dhole (Cuon Alpinus Sumatrensis/Javanensis), also known as the Javan dhole, Sumatran wild dog, or Malay wild dog, is a dhole subspecies native to the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java as well as in the Malay peninsula. Tigers and dholes are both highly endangered and they are both completely on the ICUN red list. Tigers and dholes coexist in all regions where they live, except Bali and the Caspian region, where tigers are locally extinct. The Sumatran tiger and Sumatran dhole are both critically endangered and they are also both the smallest species. Of the 10 subspecies of dhole, there are now only 8 and they are the Javan, Indochinese, Kashmir, Burmese, Himalayan, Ussuri, Tien-Shan, and Sumatran. The Javan, Indochinese, Kashmir, Burmese, and Himalayan are unrecognized. The Ussuri dhole competes with Siberian tigers, Amur leopards, Bengal tigers, Indian leopards, and the recently extinct Javan and Caspian tigers. The Sumatran dhole competes with Sumatran tigers, Malaysian tigers, and Javan tigers.