Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Mexican bobcat

The Mexican bobcat (Lynx Rufus Escuinapae) is a subspecies of the bobcat native to the Mexican states of Sinaloa and Nayarit as well as Baja California. In June 1976, it was classified to be an endangered species due to human hunting and loss of habitat. The territory of a male Mexican bobcat may stretch for a few miles and overlap with several female and male bobcat territories. Mexican bobcats are persecuted as sheep predators and are frequently killed by farmers. Lynxes are medium sized cats widespread throughout the North American and European continents. The species which increased in population size since being placed on the endangered list include the Bald eagle, Whooping crane, Kirtland's warbler, Peregrine falcon, Gray wolf, Mexican wolf, Red wolf, Gray whale, Grizzly bear, California's Southern sea otter, San Clemente Indian paintbrush, Florida's key deer, Big Bend gambusia, Hawaiian goose, Virginia big eared bat, Black footed ferret, Mexican black bear, and Mexican bobcat. Modern threats to the Mexican bobcat are habitat destruction, illegal trapping and shooting, and militarization of the US/Mexico border. Although the bobcat was added to the US endangered species list in June 1976, a delisting of the Mexican bobcat species was proposed in 2003. An official proposition to delist the species was made a few years later, although the species still remains on the list. Although it was first described in 1903, in the 1550's where the Conquistadors settled in Mexico, they may have at first encountered those other European and Iberian lynxes. Bobcats, which were much smaller cats were new to the Conquistadors. The first Spanish settlers arrived in the early 1500's and killed all the Native Americans and the natives may have respected bobcats too. Native Americans were found everywhere throughout the continent and even respected animals. In their language, they called them spirits and sometimes, they would slaughter bison. Someday, I'm gonna sue the human race! Not only the Conquistadors settled in Mexico, but they also settled in Peru. Since the Conquistadors were from Spain, that's why people in Mexico speak Spanish after the Spanish conquerors settled in the Mexican countryside. The grizzly bears of Mexico and California went extinct in the 1920's and 60's. The Mexican grizzly bear was the smallest of all North American brown bears. Mexican grizzlies were one of the heaviest mammals in Mexico until 1964. I've seen some videos of bobcats competing with black bears. They would have even been able to prey on ring tailed cats, raccoons, and white nosed coatis.

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